If you are in good health, you likely will not get a C. The most common risk factor for C.
Antibiotics can disrupt the normal balance in your intestines. Your risk increases if you have taken antibiotics for a long period of time or if the antibiotic is broad-spectrum treats a wide variety of bacteria. People who are 65 years of age or older are at greater risk of a C. Other risk factors include:. Testing a stool sample can diagnose C.
C. Difficile Infection
Follow-up tests may be needed to confirm. Your doctor may do an X-ray or computerized tomography CT scan of your colon. You can test positive for a C. This is known as C. Some people are carriers for C. A positive test result plus symptoms indicate that you have an active C. They can spread person to person. They also live a long time on surfaces, such as toilet seats, telephones, and doorknobs. Good hygiene can help you avoid the bacteria.
Use a chlorine bleach-based product to clean surfaces you may have touched to avoid spreading the infection to others. If you were taking an antibiotic when your symptoms started, your doctor will probably ask you to stop taking it. They will watch you for dehydration if you have severe diarrhea. For severe cases, your doctor may prescribe a day dose of an antibiotic that has proved effective in treating C.
Examples include metronidazole and vancomycin. You should improve after 72 hours of starting the medicine, although the diarrhea may continue. While you recover, drink plenty of fluids to replace what your body lost due to diarrhea. Avoid milk products and foods that contain wheat flour or are high in fiber. Your digestive tract may be sensitive to them for a few days.
What to eat if you have a C. diff infection
If your infection gets worse, you may become dehydrated or be unable to pass stool. This content does not have an Arabic version. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Colon and rectum The colon, also called the large intestine, is a long, tubelike organ in your abdomen. Share on: Facebook Twitter. References Clostridium difficile-induced diarrhea. Merck Manual Professional Version. Accessed May 24, LaMont JT.
Clostridium difficile in adults: Epidemiology, microbiology, and pathophysiology. Frequently asked questions about Clostridium difficile for healthcare providers. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Lessa FC, et al. Burden of Clostridium difficile infection in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine. Clostridium difficile in adults: Clinical manifestations and diagnosis. Jameson JL, et al. Clostridium difficile infection, including pseudomembranous colitis.
In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. New York, N. McDonald LC, et al. Clinical Infectious Diseases. Clostridium difficile infection adult. Rochester, Minn. Kelly CP, et al. Clostridium difficile in adults: Treatment.
Common Questions About Clostridium difficile Infection - American Family Physician
Saleh MM, et al. Colitis-induced TH17 cells increase the risk for severe subsequent Clostridium difficile infection.
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Cell Host and Microbe. Taur Y, et al. When this happens, C. Once out of the body, the bacteria turn into resistant cells called spores. These can survive for long periods on hands, surfaces such as toilets , objects and clothing unless they're thoroughly cleaned, and can infect someone else if they get into their mouth.
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Someone with a C. Home Illnesses and conditions Infections and poisoning Clostridium difficile. Clostridium difficile. About clostridium difficile Clostridium difficile, also known as C. This page covers: Symptoms of a C. When to get medical advice Treatment for C. Who's most at risk of C.
click When to get medical advice Visiting your GP surgery with a possible C.